Odisha is a magnificent state located in the eastern part of India. The state boasts several beautiful cities and towns that highlight the rich heritage and nature's bounty like nowhere else. The cities like Bhubneshwar, Konark, Puri, etc. have great significance in terms of tourism. The serene ambiance and nature's exquisiteness of Orissa draw the tourists from all over the blue planet to savour a congenial and relaxing trip. Moreover, the epitomes of prehistoric architectural brilliance also entice the tourists to a great extent.
On the other hand in the third century BC, in the eastern part of Odisha Kalinga flourished as a powerful empire under the Jaina emperor, Kharavela. He ruled all the way down south to include parts of the Tamil country. He built the superb monastic caves at Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves. Subsequently, the region was ruled under various monarchs, such as Samudragupta and Shashanka. It also was a part of Harsha's empire. In 795 AD, the king Yayati Kesari I of Kesari or Soma dynasty of Kosala united Kosala and Utkala into a single empire. He is also supposed to have built the first Jagannath Temple at Puri, although the current structure of the temple is entirely different and was built by Kings Choda Gangadeva and Ananga Bhimadeva of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty in the 12th century. The famous Lingaraja temple in Bhubaneshwar was started by Keshari dynasty king Yayati Keshari III and completed by his son Lalatendu Keshari in the 10th century.
Orissa has one airport which is located in the capital city, Bhubaneshwar-Biju Patnaik International Airport. Regular flights operate to and from the city. This airport is further connected to the airports of major cities, New Delhi, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Raipur, Varanasi, Mumbai, and Chennai.
Orissa is connected to a wide network of roads which are further connected to the rest of the country through National highways and State highways. This way, Orissa is easily accessible from all major cities of the country.
Bhubaneshwar railway station is one of the most convenient and important railway stations in Orissa. The train network connects Bhubaneshwar to major places of the country including Calcutta, Puri, Madras, Delhi, Bombay, Bangalore, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Tirupati and Trivandrum. There are many more rail heads other than the Bhubaneshwar railway station. These stations connect Orissa to other towns and places within and outside the state.